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Fluorescence microscope filter set holders and which one does my scope use?

Fluorescence microscope filter set holders and which one does my scope use?

First lets describe what exactly a Fluorescence Filter is on a microscope.  If you already know, scroll down to a quick guide on our most popular models

Fluorescence filters, also known as dichroic filters or fluorescence filter sets, are essential components in a fluorescence microscope. They play a critical role in enabling the visualization of fluorescently labeled specimens. Fluorescence microscopy is a powerful technique that uses fluorescent dyes or proteins to label specific molecules or structures within biological samples, allowing for the selective imaging of these targets. Fluorescence filters are used to separate and control the excitation and emission light in this process. Here's how they work and why they are important:

  1. Excitation Light Control:

    • Fluorescence microscopy begins by exciting the fluorescent labels in the sample using a specific wavelength of light, called the excitation light. This light is typically in the ultraviolet (UV) or visible range.
    • Excitation filters are used to selectively transmit the excitation wavelength while blocking other unwanted wavelengths. They ensure that only the excitation light needed to stimulate fluorescence reaches the specimen.
  2. Dichroic Beamsplitter (or Dichroic Mirror):

    • After passing through the excitation filter, the excitation light encounters a dichroic beamsplitter, often called a dichroic mirror. This optical component reflects the excitation light towards the sample while allowing fluorescence emission to pass through.
    • The dichroic beamsplitter's unique property is that it reflects light based on its wavelength, separating the excitation light from the emitted fluorescence. This is crucial for preventing excitation light from contaminating the detected fluorescence signal.
  3. Emission Light Control:

    • The emitted fluorescence light from the sample contains a range of wavelengths, which can be much broader than the excitation wavelength. Emission filters are used to selectively transmit the desired emission wavelengths while blocking unwanted background light.
    • Emission filters help improve the signal-to-noise ratio by eliminating any stray light that is not from the fluorescent labels.

In summary, fluorescence filters are used on a microscope to:

  • Control and isolate the excitation light to specifically excite the fluorescent labels.
  • Separate the excitation light from the emitted fluorescence using a dichroic beamsplitter.
  • Isolate and transmit only the emitted fluorescence wavelengths of interest while blocking unwanted light.
  • Enhance the contrast and specificity of fluorescence imaging by reducing background noise and ensuring that the observed signal comes from the labeled structures or molecules.

By carefully selecting and optimizing fluorescence filters for a particular set of fluorophores and imaging objectives, researchers can obtain high-quality fluorescence microscopy images with exceptional specificity and sensitivity, enabling them to study the fine details of biological specimens.

Microscope Marketplace's most popular filter holders

Olympus Holder# 91018 BX2 (BX40, BX50, BX60, BX41, BX51, BX61, IX51, IX71, IX81)

Olympus Holder# 91038 BX3 (BX43, BX53, BX63, IX73, IX83)


Nikon Holder# 91001 (E400, E600, E800, TE200, TE300)

Nikon Holder# 91020 (50i, 55i, 80i, 90i, TE2000, Ti, LV100, FN1


Zeiss Holder# 91029 (Axio Observer, Axio Imager, Axio Imager 2, Axioskop 40FL, Axioskop A, Axioskop, Axiovert 200, Axiovert 40FL, Axiovert A) 


Leica Holder# 91034 K Cube (DM2000, DM2500, DM3000, DM4000, DM5000, DM5500, DM6000, DMI3000, DMI4000, DMI6000)


We do have other filter set holders in stock.  If you do not see the microscope you need listed above, please contact us

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